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2017职称英语卫生类完形填空预测练习题及译文1_职称英语考试

来源:孟子闻之网   时间: 2018-06-01

  The World Health Organization1 estimates that about one-third of all people are infected with bacteria that cause tuberculosis. Most times, the infection remains inactive. But each year about eight million people develop active cases of TB, usually in their 1 .Two million people die 2 it. The disease has 3 with the spread of AIDS and drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis.

  Current treatments take at least six months. Patients have to 4 a combination o邯郸羊癫疯治疗贵吗f several antibiotic drugs daily. But many people stop 5 they feel better. Doing that can 6 to an infection that resists treatment. Public health experts agree that a faster-acting cure for tuberculosis would be more effective. Now a study estimates just how 7 it might be. A professor of international health at Harvard University2 led the study. Joshua Salomon says a shorter treatment program would likely mean not just more patients 8.It would also mean 9 infectious patients w沧州哪个医院专治羊羔疯ho can pass on their infection to others.

  The researchers developed a mathematical model to examine the effects of a two-month treatment plan. They 10 the model with current TB conditions in Southeast Asia. The scientists found that a two-month treatment could prevent about twenty percent of new cases. And it might 11 about twenty-five percent of TB deaths. The model shows that these 12 would take place between two thousand twelve and two thousand thirty. That is, 患上癫痫病如果不及时的进行治疗,会有什么样的伤害?if a faster cure is developed and in wide use by two thousand twelve.

  The World Health Organization 13 the DOTS3 program in nineteen ninety. DOTS is Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course. Health workers watch tuberculosis patients take their daily pills to make 14 they continue treatment.

  Earlier this year, an international partnership of organizations announced a plan to expand the DOTS program. The ten-year plan also aims to finance research 15 ne北京市普仁医院癫痫科好不好w TB drugs. The four most common drugs used now are more than forty years old. The Global Alliance for TB Drug Development4 says its long-term goal is a treatment that could work in as few as ten doses.

  注释:

  1.World Health Organization (WHO):世界卫生组织

  2.Harvard University ( = Harvard):(美国)哈佛大学

  3.DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course):短期直接观察治疗

  4.Global Alliance for TB Drug Development:全球结核病药物开发联盟

北京军海癫痫医院
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